Smart resilient cities are urban environments characterised by data-driven Information Communication Technology (ICT) with sustainability and operational efficiency at its core. They aim at leveraging disruptive technologies for urban planning and development.
Geospatial Technology is gaining importance in the domain of urban planning in recent years. It plays the role of developing the existing city regions and coming up with intelligent strategies to utilise unused areas.
In this blog, we will glance through some of the use cases of Geospatial Technology (Geographical Information Systems – GIS in particular) for Urban Planning of Smart Cities. Let’s get started.
Applications of GIS in Urban Planning
The scope of GIS in building the smart cities of tomorrow is vast, ranging from the study of land usage patterns, transportation networks, city guide preparation, etc., that can help different groups of people, including the state governments and real estate investors.
GIS solutions use the concept of layer superimposition to develop models for data visualisation that aids in data-driven decision making in the following areas:
- Population estimation and distribution studies, urban morphology
- Digitisation of city base maps
- Study of static and dynamic modes of transportation systems
- Analysing areas of improvement in land usage
- Assessing the suitability of sites before construction projects
- Pollution analysis and control, i.e. environmental impact studies
- Installation of communication equipment across the city for telecom providers
- Management of slums and strategising improvement programmes
In addition to these applications, GIS solutions also help policy makers’ lives easier both in the public and private sectors.
Local businesses need intel regarding where and whom to position their business for revenue growth and expansion. GIS tools with their data visualisation, modelling and analysis can help them get customised insights for the above objective.
Acquiring new land by public bodies for promising new public ventures regarding industrialisation and government projects can be simplified using GIS for land/property assessment.
Geospatial analysis can help urban planners to develop new housing localities or renovate existing ones. Land utilisation and construction firms can plan their projects for specific budgets and timelines thanks to the data insights enabled via GIS tools/solutions.
Managing the rescue and evacuation operations post a natural or artificial disaster can be a hectic affair. Integrating GIS technology into the city’s disaster management systems can prove a game-changer in rescue missions and control the extent of the damage.
Adopting Geospatial technologies for developing future-ready Smart Resilient Cities is the way to go. Collecting databases and modelling them into visual representations can enable precise decision making for well-planned cities.
Correlating the available data variables and analysing them for gaining rich data-driven insights makes GIS tools a delight for urban planners across an ever-expanding range of domains.